Dragon Boat Festival

2020-06-15 10:10

The term "Dragon Boat Festival" first appeared in the "Fengtu Ji" of the Western Jin Dynasty: "In mid summer, Dragon Boat Festival is called the fifth day of the fifth month, which is the same day as the summer solstice." In ancient Chinese, it has the meaning of beginning and beginning, and is called "Duanwu" or "early fifth". Shuowen Jiezi ":" Duan is the question of the birth of things ", which means that Duan is the beginning. Therefore, the fifth day of the fifth month is called the" Duan Wujie ". The "Suishi Guangji" says: "The dust people in the capital city use the first day of the fifth month as the end one, and the second day of the fifth month as the end two. Counting to five is called the end five." The ancients used to refer to the first few days of the fifth month as the end. Therefore, the first noon day of the fifth (fifth) month is called the Dragon Boat Festival.
The Dragon Boat Festival combines various folk customs such as avoiding evil spirits and preventing epidemics, so it is believed in later generations that the Dragon Boat Festival originated from the festival established by ancient people to "avoid evil spirits and prevent epidemics". Chinese culture has a long and profound history, and ancient festivals are an important carrier of traditional culture. The formation of ancient festivals contains profound and rich cultural connotations. Ancient festivals attach great importance to the belief in ancestors' gods and sacrificial activities, and the belief in ancestors' gods is the core of ancient traditional festivals. It is not just a day to avoid evil spirits and prevent epidemics that has become a folk festival that has been passed down for generations; The Dragon Boat Festival originated from the ancient saying of "avoiding evil spirits and preventing epidemics", and is a misunderstanding of the cultural connotations of ancient festivals in later generations. Worshipping ancestors not only covers all ancient traditional festivals in China, but also is an eternal theme of Chinese folk festivals. Regarding the blessings of the Dragon Boat Festival, most folklore experts believe that it was after the Dragon Boat Festival that the commemoration of legendary historical figures was attached to the festival, giving it other meanings, but these meanings are only a part of the Dragon Boat Festival. Many ancient poems depict the festive atmosphere of the Dragon Boat Festival. Since ancient times, the Dragon Boat Festival has been a festive day for eating zongzi and picking dragon boats. The lively dragon boat performances and joyful food banquets during the ancient Dragon Boat Festival are all manifestations of celebrating the festival, and the joy of the Dragon Boat Festival is the tradition. Dragon Boat Festival is a good day, according to the "Chronicles of Jingchu Suishi": because in midsummer, when climbing high, Shunyang is on the rise, and May is midsummer, its first noon day is a good day for climbing high and Shunyang weather.
In traditional festivals, there are many and complex folk customs that can only be compared to the Dragon Boat Festival and the Spring Festival. Both festivals have ritual themes such as praying for blessings and eliminating disasters, expressing people's desire to welcome good luck and eliminate evil spirits and disasters. The Dragon Boat Festival has mixed various folk customs in its historical development and evolution. There are many Dragon Boat customs, with diverse forms and rich and colorful content, making it lively and festive. There are differences in customs or details across the country due to regional cultural differences. The customs of Dragon Boat Festival mainly include picking dragon boats, offering sacrifices to dragons, picking herbs, hanging mugwort and calamus, worshipping gods and ancestors, washing herbal medicine, drinking midday water, soaking dragon boat water, eating zongzi, releasing paper kites, watching dragon boats, tying five colored silk threads, fumigating sorghum, wearing sachets, and so on. The activity of picking dragon boats is very popular in the southern coastal areas of China, and has been loved by people from various countries since it was spread abroad, forming an international competition. The custom of eating zongzi during the Dragon Boat Festival has been prevalent throughout China since ancient times and has become one of the most influential and widely covered folk dietary customs of the Chinese nation. During the Dragon Boat Festival, traditional folk activities and performances can not only enrich the spiritual and cultural life of the masses, but also effectively inherit and promote traditional culture. The Dragon Boat Festival culture, as an important component of traditional Chinese culture, reflects the long and profound history of Chinese culture. The Dragon Boat Festival culture has a wide influence in the world, and some countries and regions around the world also have activities to celebrate it.

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